Ancient Mais Piedmontese

Inserted by Rosa Rizzo the

 

The ancient Mais Piedmontese

We dedicate some small plots to the cultivation in our farmAncient varieties of Mais Autoctone Piedmontesehow Ottophile yellow, red and our island nickel.

They are very aromatic varieties cultivated in the past until a few decades ago and then abandoned, preferring the cultivation of more productive varieties. The surrender of grain hectare of these varieties is very small, around 25 quintals hectare against rendered 4-5 times higher than the new hybrids. Features such as shape, color, aromatic composition are very different among these corn.

Red pignoletto corn

The grain has a rostr form, semiIVITREA INTENSE red color with nuances of orange, the size of the seeds is small, the panicles have a variable number of ranks ranging from 13 to 22, the length is medium quite standardized, but they are found to Times specimens very extended to the base and fairly short as if they had been crushed, the average production per hectare with 12% humidity is around 25 quintals both for the red and yellow one.

Mais Ottophile yellow

This corn is so called because it has 8 ranks (seed rows around the tutolo), the grain has a bit crushed, seeds, intense yellow color, still present even small grain crops and even less to white grains, The length of the tutolo is average but it is not rare to find very long panicles. The average production by hectare with 12% humidity is around 22 quintals for the yellow and 15-18 quintals for the red and white one, the taste of the ground flour for polenta is pleasant, perhaps the most round and soft among all the Piedmontese ecotypes .

Nostrano corn of the island

The Nostrano corn of the island has a very small grain, tending to roundness, vitreous seeds, intense yellow with nuances of orange. The tutolo, and therefore the panicle also, is slender and sometimes even reaches 30 centimeters in length in some specimens. The form is medium tapered, the number of ranks is variable from 12 to 20, average production per hectare with 12% humidity is around 16-18 quintals.

 

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